BACKGROUND: Many patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) have neurally mediated hypotension when subjected to head-up tilt, suggesting autonomic nervous system dysfunction. Some Gulf War veterans have symptoms similar to CFS. Whether they also tend to have neurally mediated hypotension is unknown.
METHODS: We performed 3-stage tilt-table testing on 14 Gulf War veterans with chronic fatigue, 13 unfatigued control Gulf War veterans, and 14 unfatigued control subjects who did not serve in the Gulf War. Isoproterenol was used in stages 2 and 3 of the tilt protocol.
RESULTS: More fatigued Gulf War veterans than unfatigued control subjects had hypotensive responses to tilt (P < 0.036). A positive response to the drug-free stage 1 of the tilt was observed in 4 of 14 fatigued Gulf War veterans versus 1 of 27 unfatigued control subjects (P < 0.012). Heart rate and heart rate variation during stage 1 was significantly greater in the fatigued group (P< 0.05).
CONCLUSION: We conclude that more fatigued Gulf War veterans have neurally mediated hypotension than unfatigued control subjects, similar to observations in CFS. Autonomic nervous system dysfunction may be present in some fatigued Gulf War veterans.
Davis SD, Kator SF, Wonnett JA, Pappas BL, Sall JL