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Neuroborreliosis is easily diagnosed by means of clinical symptoms and laboratory findings. Guiding symptoms are radicular pain and pareses of the extremities and the facial nerve. There is a great number of further less frequently occurring neurological symptoms, which can be attributed to a borrelial infection only by appropriate investigations of the CSF. Radiculitis is cured adequately by oral doxycycline while symptoms of the central nervous system are probably better treated intravenously by ceftriaxone, cefotaxime or penicillin G. Post-
Lyme syndrome is a diffuse description of non-specific complaints, which are not the explicit result of a former infection with B. burgdorferi. As further antibiotics do not help and the CSF is unremarkable in most patients, a persistent infection with B. burgdorferi s.l. in all probability can be excluded.

Nervenarzt. 2009 Oct;80(10):1239-51. doi: 10.1007/s00115-009-2788-z. English Abstract; Review [1]