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Lyme disease is a multisystem illness that may affect the central nervous system and subsequently produce mild to severe psychiatric disorders. Physicians who treat patient with
Lyme disease need to be aware of its neuropsychiatric symptoms, which may emerge months to years after the initial infection. Prompt diagnosis and effective treatment are needed to avoid the debilitating and possibly irreversible mental illness associated with the neurologic involvement of this spirochetal infection. The author reviews the neuropsychiatric manifestations of
Lyme disease and provides diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for the management of the central nervous system
disease that may cause them.