Pain, allodynia, & serum serotonin level in orofacial pain of muscular origin – fibromyalgia related research

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This study was conducted to investigate the serum level of serotonin (S-5-HT) in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) of muscular origin, i.e., localized myalgia, and to compare it to that found in healthy individuals and patients with fibromyalgia. A second aim was to investigate the association between S-5-HT and pain parameters.

METHODS: Twenty patients with localized myalgia participated in the study. Twenty age- and gender-matched healthy individuals and twenty patients with fibromyalgia served as controls. The participants were examined clinically as to the condition of the temporomandibular region and S-5-HT.

RESULTS: The levels of S-5-HT did not differ significantly between the groups. However, in patients with localized myalgia there was a negative correlation between S-5-HT and tenderness of the temporomandibular muscles.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that allodynia of orofacial muscles in patients with TMD is significantly related to S-5-HT concentration.

Ernberg M, Hedenberg-Magnusson B, Alstergren P, Lundeberg T, Kopp S