This article highlights chronic pain syndrome and myofascial pain.
It is part of the chapter on pain rehabilitation in the
Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program for practitioners and
trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This article
discusses behavioral maladaptations to chronic pain which lead
to global physical, psychologic, social, and vocational
impairments–the chronic pain syndrome. The spectrum of
myofascial pain syndromes, contributing factors, and
interventions are detailed. New advances that are covered in
this section include controversies in long-term use of opioids
and muscle relaxants; differentiating fibromyalgia, myofascial
pain syndromes, and chronic fatigue syndrome; pathophysiology
of myofascial pain; and beneficial treatments.
King JC, Goddard MJ