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From January 1995 to June 1996, ticks were studied in a fragment of Atlantic Forest in a residential area in the city of Itapevi, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Cases of human
Lyme disease-like illness were registered in this area during the spring of 1992. The monthly relative density of ticks was determined and the influence of seasonal climatic conditions was evaluated as well as the relationship between ticks and hosts. Ticks (n = 88) were collected from small mammals captured (n = 134) in monthly trappings where the traps were operated for five consecutive days. Immature ticks (n = 42, 47.7%) were identified as Ixodes spp. The adult ticks (n = 46, 52.3%) were identified as Ixodes didelphidis Fonseca and Aragão (n = 19, 21.6%), I. loricatus Neumann (n = 26, 29.5%) and Amblyomma cajennense (F.) (n = 1, 1.1%). The monthly correlations between tick numbers and meteorological data were not significant. The correlation between the different stages of ticks and the two seasons (cold-dry and warm-rainy) indicated that both immature and adult ticks showed a seasonal pattern of abundance. The highest numbers of immature ticks were observed on rodents, during the cold-dry season (from April to September) with a peak in August 1995. Adults ticks were predominant during the warm-rainy season (from October to March) with a peak in January 1995. Adult ticks were only collected on marsupials.