Perceptions of people living with chronic illness change over time, contributing to health-related stress that necessitates coping skills. Paterson's shifting perspectives model provides an explanation of chronically ill people's variations in attention to their symptoms.
In this qualitative study, 20 people with fibromyalgia living in a rural setting were interviewed in 2013 with the aim of gaining insight into their experiences and the meaning-making associated with their chronic condition. Analysis of the interview data categorized five recurrent, or common, themes: experiences of loss, feelings of fear and uncertainty, influence of stress, stigmatization of the disease, and coping through courage. Difficulties attendant to losses, distress, and stigma associated with this chronic condition led the participants to report poor health-related quality of life.
The study findings can be useful across clinical settings to nurses and other health care providers in understanding those diagnosed with fibromyalgia and their care needs.
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Source: Taylor AG, Adelstein KE, Fischer-White TG, Murugesan M, Anderson JG. Perspectives on Living with Fibromyalgia. Glob Qual Nurs Res. 2016 Jul 6;3:2333393616658141. doi: 10.1177/2333393616658141. eCollection 2016 Jan-Dec.