[Note: The symptoms of these patients with POTS (suggesting “post treatment Lyme disease syndrome”) were helped significantly by drugs typically prescribed for orthostatic dysfunction. To read the full text pdf of this article click HERE ]
Background: A subgroup of patients suffering from Lyme disease (LD) may initially respond to antibiotics only to later develop a syndrome of fatigue, joint pain and cognitive dysfunction referred to as ‘post treatment LD syndrome’. We report on a series of patients who developed autonomic dysfunction in the form of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS).
All of the patients in this report had suffered from LD in the past and were successfully treated with antibiotics. All patients were apparently well, until years later when they presented with fatigue, cognitive dysfunction and orthostatic intolerance. These patients were diagnosed with POTS on the basis of clinical features and results of the tilt table (HUTT) testing.
• Five patients (all women), aged 22-44 years, were identified for inclusion in this study. These patients developed symptoms of fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, orthostatic palpitations and either near syncope or frank syncope [faintness on rising to upright position/standing].
• The debilitating nature of these symptoms had resulted in loss of employment or inability to attend school.
• Three patients were also suffering from migraine, two from anxiety and depression and one from hypertension.
• All patients demonstrated a good response to the employed treatment.
• Four of the five were able to engage in their activities of daily living and either resumed employment or returned to school.
Conclusions: In an appropriate clinical setting, evaluation for POTS in patients suffering from post LD syndrome may lead to early recognition and treatment, with subsequent improvement in symptoms of orthostatic intolerance.
Source: Journal of Cardiology, 2011; vol 18(1):63-6. PMID: 21305487, by Kanjwal K, Karabin B, Kanjwal Y, Grubb BP. Section of Electrophysiology, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine,The University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, USA. [Email: firstname.lastname@example.org]