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This study examined factors that predispose individuals to protect against
Knowledge, attitude, and practice questions concerning
Lyme disease prevention were included in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance surveys in Connecticut, Maine, and Montana. A total of 4246 persons were interviewed.
Perceived risk of acquiring
Lyme disease, knowing anyone with
Lyme disease, knowledge about
Lyme disease, and believing
Lyme disease to be a common problem were significantly associated with prevention practices.
Predisposing factors differ substantially between states and appear related to
disease incidence. Personal risk, knowing someone with
Lyme disease, and cognizance about
Lyme disease and acting on this information are consistent with social learning theories.