[Note: Quercetin is a component of green tea and many other colored fruits and vegetables such as red grapes, berries, apples, broccoli & greens.]
Quercetin is one of a broad group of natural polyphenolic flavonoid substances that are being investigated for their widespread health benefits. These benefits have generally been ascribed to its combination of anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activity, but recent in vitro [in the lab] evidence suggests that improved mitochondrial biogenesis could play an important role. [Improved development of the cells’ energy-generating mitochondria.]
However, the in vivo [in living subjects] effects of quercetin on mitochondrial biogenesis exercise tolerance are unknown.
We examined the effects of 7 days of quercetin feedings in mice on markers of mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle and brain, and on endurance exercise tolerance. Mice were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: placebo, quercetin 12.5mg/Kg, or quercetin 25mg/Kg.
Following 7 days of treatment mice were sacrificed and soleus muscle and brain were analyzed for mRNA expression of PGC-1alpha and SIRT1, and mtDNA and cytochrome c. Additional mice underwent a treadmill performance run to fatigue or were placed in voluntary activity wheel-cages and their voluntary activity (distance, time & peak speed) was recorded.
Quercetin increased mRNA expression of PGC-1alpha and SIRT1 (P<0.05), mtDNA (P<0.05) and cytochrome c concentration (P<0.05).
These changes in mitochondrial capacity were associated with an increase in both maximal endurance capacity (P<0.05) and voluntary wheel running activity (P<0.05).
These benefits of quercetin on fitness without exercise training:
• May have important implications for enhancement of athletic and military performance
• And may also extend to prevention and/or treatment of chronic diseases.
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, Feb 11, 2009. [Online ahead of print] PMID: 19211721, by Davis JM, Murphy EA, Carmichael MD, Davis B.
Department of Exercise Science, Exercise Biochemistry Laboratory, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA. [E-mail: email@example.com]