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Ixodes dammini Spielman, Clifford, Piesman & Corwin collected from a study site in southwestern Wisconsin were examined for Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Adult spirochete infection rates varied seasonally (38.1%, spring 1990; 60.3%, fall 1990; 41.2%, spring 1991) and were similar to or higher than rates reported in various studies from the northeastern United States. Statistical comparison of seasonal infection rates indicated a significant difference between the fall 1990 adult population and the subsequent overwintered population of the same cohort (spring 1991). Additionally, a significant decrease in the intensity of spirochete infection was observed in the overwintered adult sample.