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Relationship between development of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in dogs and the subsequent development of limb/joint borreliosis.

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Abstract

The relationship between antibody production and the subsequent development of limb/joint disorders of borreliosis was examined in dogs from south central Connecticut. Dogs without signs of illness, determined by physical examination, were selected from dogs being tested for Dirofilaria immitis. An ELISA was used to detect antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in 234 apparently healthy dogs during 1988. These dogs were monitored for 20 months after initial analyses to determine the prevalence of limb/joint disorder in seropositive and seronegative dogs. Of 234 dogs from which samples were initially obtained, 125 had antibodies to B burgdorferi and 109 were seronegative. The development of limb/joint disorder (eg, lameness, swelling, and signs of pain) accompanied by lethargy, fever, and inappetence in each group was nearly equal. Rates of 4.8% (6/125) and 4.6% (5/109) were recorded for seropositive and serosurvey of dogs, respectively. We conclude the serosurvey of apparently healthy dogs had no predictive value for the subsequent development of limb/joint disorder.

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1992 Feb 1;200(3):344-7.

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