PURPOSE. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of
self-efficacy on self-report pain and physical activities
among subjects with fibromyalgia (FM). In addition,
descriptive statistics of the Arthritis Impact Measurement
Scale (AIMS), a measure developed for use with arthritis
patients, were reported.
METHODS. Seventy-nine subjects with
FM, as classified by the American College of Rheumatology
(ACR) criteria, completed the Visual Analogue Scale for Pain,
the AIMS, and the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale. A myalgic
score was obtained during a tender point evaluation.
Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to assess
the effect of self-efficacy on self-report pain and physical
activities measures after controlling for demographic
variables (age, education, and symptom duration), disease
severity (myalgic scores), and psychological distress
(negative affect from the AIMS).
RESULTS. Higher self-efficacy
was associated with less pain and less impairment on the
physical activities measure after controlling for demographic
and disease severity measures.
CONCLUSIONS. This study
underscores the unique importance of self-efficacy in
understanding pain and physical activities impairment.
Buckelew SP, Murray SE, Hewett JE, Johnson J, Huyser B