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Through serological surveillance of wild animals by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay with protein G (PG-ELISA), we obtained epidemiological data on
Lyme borreliosis in Japanese wild animals. In this study, we carried out serological surveillance for
Lyme borreliosis in wild Japanese serows (Capricornis crispus). Forty-six of 200 (23%) serum samples were positive, indicating that
Lyme borreliosis is prevalent in wild Japanese serows. This positive rate was relatively higher than that of other animals and was similar/identical to that in other important hosts worldwide. Our results suggest that Japanese serows may be one of the important hosts of
Lyme borreliosis in the central mountainous and forested areas of Japan.