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Seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi in dogs in Alabama, USA.

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Abstract

A random sample of private small-animal practices in Alabama submitted sera from dogs with known tick contact. A total of 579 samples from the three geographic regions of the state were collected (58% of the targeted sample size). Sera were screened for antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi using an indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) test which had a sensitivity and specificity of greater than 90%. Anti-B burgdorferi titers of > or = 1:64 were considered to be positive, based on results from B. burgdorferi-inoculated dogs. Ten of the 579 samples (1.7%) were positive, and titers ranged from 1:64 to 1:512. Seropositive dogs were found throughbout the state, and there was no significant difference in seroprevalence by region (Mantel-Haenszel chi 2, P = 0.85). These results indicate that the seroprevalence for canine
Lyme disease in Alabama is low and that use of the canine
Lyme disease vaccine is not justified.

Prev Vet Med. 1997 Jul;31(1-2):127-31. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t; Research Support, U.S. Gov’t, P.H.S.

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