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Sleep Disturbances in Pediatric Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Review of Current Research

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By K. Snodgrass et al.
 
Abstract
 
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) frequently report sleep disturbances. However, little is known about the nature and severity of sleep disturbance and factors associated with sleep problems in pediatric CFS. The purpose of this review was to synthesize and critically appraise existing literature relating to sleep disturbances in pediatric CFS.
 
METHODS: Embase, CINAHL, PsychINFO, PubMed. and Medline databases were searched to retrieve all studies that included an assessment of sleep in pediatric CFS. Two reviewers independently assessed eligibility, extracted data, and systematically assessed reporting quality.
 
RESULTS: Six studies were included and these were mostly case-controlled designs. Findings varied across studies; however, most studies found that children and adolescents with CFS had significantly more sleep disturbances when compared to healthy controls. Significant methodological variations and limitations were apparent.
 
CONCLUSIONS: This review suggests that children and adolescents with CFS experience sleep disturbances. However, results need to be interpreted cautiously given the limited evidence available and its overall low quality. More research is required to elucidate the nature and extent of sleep disturbance in pediatric CFS and should focus on (1) identifying the specific types, causes, and severity of sleep disturbances; (2) the specific consequences of sleep disturbances; and (3) the most effective interventions for sleep problems in this population.
 
Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Sleep Medicine. All rights reserved.
 
Source: Snodgrass K, Harvey A, Scheinberg A, Knight S.Sleep Disturbances in Pediatric Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Review of Current Research.J Clin Sleep Med. 2015 Feb 6. pii: jc-00372-14. [Epub ahead of print]

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