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Results showed that small-worldness for the delta band was significantly lower for patients with CFS compared to HCs. In addition, delta small-worldness was negatively associated with neurocognitive impairment scores on the DePaul Symptom Questionnaire (DSQ). Finally, delta small-worldness indicated a greater risk of complex brain network inefficiency for the CFS group. These results suggest that CFS pathology may be functionally disruptive to small-world networks. In turn, small-world characteristics might serve as a neurophysiological indicator for confirming a biological basis of cognitive symptoms, treatment outcome, and neurophysiological status of people with CFS.
Source: Zinn, M. A., Zinn, M. L., & Jason, L. A. (2017). Small-world network analysis of cortical connectivity in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome using quantitative EEG. NeuroRegulation , 4(3–4), 125–137. http://dx.doi.org/10.15540/nr.4.3-4.125 (Full article)