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Successful oral doxycycline treatment of Lyme disease-associated facial palsy and meningitis.

Abstract

Twenty-nine patients, aged 11-79 years (mean, 50 years), with
Lyme neuroborreliosis, facial nerve palsy, and meningitis were treated with oral doxycycline (daily dose, 200-400 mg) for 9-17 days in a prospective, nonrandomized study. Facial paresis was bilateral in eight (28%) of the 29 patients. Twenty-six patients (90%) recovered without sequelae within 6 months, while three of the patients with bilateral facial palsy at admission had remaining paresis at follow-up. In five patients, contralateral facial paresis developed 1-12 days after initiation of therapy, and two patients were retreated with antibiotics. Posttreatment examinations of cerebrospinal fluid showed a marked decrease of inflammatory cells and protein concentrations compared with pretreatment levels in all followed up patients. The favorable clinical outcome agrees with findings of other reports on intravenous antibiotic therapy for
Lyme disease-associated meningitis with facial palsy. Our conclusion is that oral doxycycline is an effective and convenient therapy for
Lyme disease-associated facial palsy.

Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Mar;28(3):569-74. Clinical Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t [1]