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Susceptibility to experimental Lyme arthritis correlates with KC and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 production in joints and requires neutrophil recruitment via CXCR2.

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The development of experimental
Lyme arthritis has been correlated with the expression of a number of chemokines and cytokines, however, none of these have been measured directly from the arthritic joint. We examined the temporal expression of IL-1beta, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, GM-CSF, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, macrophage inflammatory protein-2, KC, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 directly from the tibiotarsal joint in arthritis-resistant C57BL/6 (B6) and -susceptible C3H/He (C3H) mice. Only the chemokines KC and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 were differentially expressed in joints of B6 and C3H mice and correlated with the development of
Lyme arthritis. Infection of CXCR2(-/-) mice on either genetic background resulted in a significant decrease in the development of pathology, although infection of CCR2(-/-) mice had little or no effect. Neutrophils in CXCR2(-/-) mice were marginalized within blood vessels and could not enter the joint tissue. These results suggest that chemokine-mediated recruitment of neutrophils into the infected joint is a key requirement for the development of experimental
Lyme arthritis.

J Immunol. 2003 Jul 15;171(2):893-901. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t; Research Support, U.S. Gov’t, P.H.S.

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