The development of the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) Attitudes Test. A psychometric analysis

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is characterized by debilitating

symptoms including persistent or relapsing fatigue. As a

result of CFS, some individuals experience significant stigma

that is attached to this illness. Many medical professionals

are skeptical of the validity of the illness, and employers

often fail to appreciate the seriousness of the symptoms.

Although negative attitudes greatly affect the lives of

individuals with CFS, there is presently no measurement of

attitudes toward this illness and people who have CFS. The

purpose of the present studies was to create a scale that

measures attitudes toward individuals with CFS–the Chronic

Fatigue Attitudes Test (CAT)–and to assess the scale’s

reliability and validity. The 13-item scale was created using

several constructs outlined in the literature regarding

negative attitudes toward people with CFS, disabilities, and

AIDS. Theoretical implications of the findings and the utility

of the CAT are discussed.

Shlaes JL, Jason LA, Ferrari JR

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