Editor’s note: “Articular” in this article refers to arthritic symptoms.
Articular manifestations in patients with Lyme disease.
To determine the percentage of Lyme patients with articular manifestations in NW Spain and to know their evolution and response to treatment.
A retrospective study (2006-2013) was performed using medical histories of confirmed cases of Lyme disease showing articular manifestations. Clinical and laboratory characteristics, together with the treatment and evolution of the patients, were analysed.
Seventeen out of 108 LD confirmed patients (15.7%) showed articular manifestations. Regarding those 17 patients, 64.7%, 29.4% and 5.9% presented arthritis, arthralgia and bursitis, respectively. The knee was the most affected joint. Articular manifestations were often associated to neurological, dermatological and cardiac pathologies. Otherwise, most patients were in Stage III. The 11.8% of the cases progressed to a recurrent chronic arthritis despite the administration of an appropriate treatment.
Lyme disease patients showing articular manifestations should be included in the diagnosis of articular affections in areas of high risk of hard tick bite, in order to establish a suitable and early treatment and to avoid sequels.
Source: Vázquez-López ME1, Díez-Morrondo C2, Sánchez-Andrade A3, Pego-Reigosa R4, Díaz P5, Castro-Gago M6. Articular manifestations in patients with Lyme disease. Reumatol Clin. (2015 Dec 16). pii: S1699-258X(15)00188-6. doi: 10.1016/j.reuma.2015.10.013. [Epub ahead of print] [Article in English, Spanish]