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Therapy of Lyme borreliosis.

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Lyme Borreliosis is an infectious disorder caused directly by Borrelia burgdorferi. Secondary immunological mechanisms might play an additional pathogenetic role. The natural course of the
disease in stage I and II is in most cases benign, therefore the influence of antibiotic therapy is difficult to assess. Double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized studies were performed rarely. However, by comparing untreated and treated patient groups it seems, that antibiotic therapy shortens the
disease duration and prevents late complications. In stage III the course of the
disease is usually chronic progressive (central nervous system, joint, skin), if no antibiotic therapy is applied. Currently performed clinical trials were up to now unable to determine the optimal antimicrobial agent, route of application, dosage and optimal duration of therapy for the different manifestations of the
disease. Susceptibility testing, antimicrobial pharmacokinetic considerations (e. g. CSF penetration, half-life) and clinical experiences are therefore the basis of our recommendations. Stage I: Doxycyclin 2 x 100 mg p. o. or if contraindicated Cefuroxim 2 x 500 mg, at least 14 days. In case of systemic symptoms (e. g. fever) a intravenous therapy is indicated. Stage II and III: Ceftriaxon 1 x 2–2 x 2 g i. v. or Cefotaxim 3 x 2 g i. v., at least 14 days. Corticosteroids can be given in defined cases (pain syndrome!) additionally. Therapy failure was described regarding all used antibiotics, therefore clinical and laboratory follow up is mandatory. Residual symptoms can disappear over months and are usually not due to refractory

Versicherungsmedizin. 1995 Jun 1;47(3):79-83. English Abstract; Review

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