In the world of CBD, we speak and write often about the compounds that naturally occur in the industrial hemp plant, like cannabinoids and terpenes. But what are CBD terpenes, and what is their role?
We know that cannabinoids like cannabidiol (CBD) interact with the neurologic, immune, endocrine and human endocannabinoid system (ECS). We also have proof that the ECS maintains homeostasis in the body when it’s properly nourished.
Terpenes, on the other hand, are potent chemical compounds that give plants their special aromas, colors, and flavors as well as much of their health benefits. They’re produced by most plants and even some animals, such as termites and swallowtail butterflies.
Have you ever wondered why the spruce tree smells different than the cedar–even though they’re both evergreens? Both trees have a unique terpene profile, which yields a characteristic scent.
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Terpenes are one of the major components of essential oils. They evaporate quickly and easily absorbed; because of this, they are used frequently in aromatherapy, perfume, food additives, and even topical skin balms. Terpenes come in a wide range of varieties; some are even thought to have nutritive benefits. (Vitamin A is a type of terpene, for instance.)
Many foods we encounter on a daily basis contain terpenes that may provide many of the health benefits we receive from nutritious food; for example, maple syrup has over 300 different types of terpenes.
Terpenes are usually organized into categories based on their molecular makeup. These groups are monoterpenes, diterpenes, and sesquiterpenes. Overall, terpenes are one of the most populous types of plant chemicals. There are around 20,000 different types of terpenes in the world.
And, like the evergreen trees, each plant species has its own unique blend and ratio of terpenes, called a terpene profile. This ratio is what determines the uni characteristics of each plant…