Astaxanthin, a red pigment originates in marine algae. Researchers have sought to explore the use of astaxanthin as a topical sunscreen because of its powerful ultraviolet light-absorbing properties.(4) They soon found, however, that astaxanthin has many additional benefits, including free radical scavenging, mitochondrial protection, anti-inflammatory effects, and protection from glycation.(5-12)
Recent studies show that astaxanthin can rejuvenative skin from within.(3,4,13) Astaxanthin is among the most powerful and versatile marine plant antioxidants known, and as such, it has the ability to scavenge skin-damaging free radicals.(3,12,14)
Astaxanthin is a fat-soluble compound. The challenge to deriving maximum benefits is its normally limited absorption—as low as about 50%.(1,2) Assimilation of astaxanthin is impeded by limited uptake and intestinal degradation.
Astaxanthin with Phospholipids uses four different phospholipids to facilitate maximum absorption of astaxanthin into the bloodstream, where it is transported to cells throughout the body.
Astaxanthin with Phospholipids combines 4 milligrams of natural astaxanthin with a proprietary blend of phospholipids. By incorporating phospholipids, scientific research shows that absorption may be enhanced several-fold.(2)
*These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
- Mol Nutr Food Res. 2012 Sep;56(9):1385-97.
- Eur J Pharm Sci. 2003 Jul; 19(4):299-304.
- Lyons NM, O’Brien NM. Modulatory effects of an algal extract containing astaxanthin on UVA-irradiated cells in culture. J Dermatol Sci. 2002 Oct;30(1):73-84.
- Hama S, Takahashi K, Inai Y, et al. Protective effects of topical application of a poorly soluble antioxidant astaxanthin liposomal formulation on ultraviolet-induced skin damage. J Pharm Sci. 2012 Aug;101(8):2909-16.
- Terazawa S, Nakajima H, Shingo M, Niwano T, Imokawa G. Astaxanthin attenuates the UVB-induced secretion of prostaglandin E2 and interleukin-8 in human keratinocytes by interrupting MSK1 phosphorylation in a ROS depletion-independent manner. Exp Dermatol. 2012 Jul;21 Suppl 1:11-7.
- Yasui Y, Hosokawa M, Mikami N, Miyashita K, Tanaka T. Dietary astaxanthin inhibits colitis and colitis-associated colon carcinogenesis in mice via modulation of the inflammatory cytokines. Chem Biol Interact. 2011 Aug 15;193(1):79-87.
- Lee DH, Kim CS, Lee YJ. Astaxanthin protects against MPTP/MPP+-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and ROS production in vivo and in vitro. Food Chem Toxicol. 2011 Jan;49(1):271-80.
- Liu X, Osawa T. Astaxanthin protects neuronal cells against oxidative damage and is a potent candidate for brain food. Forum Nutr. 2009;61:129-35.
- Park JS, Mathison BD, Hayek MG, Zhang J, Reinhart GA, Chew BP. Astaxanthin modulates age-associated mitochondrial dysfunction in healthy dogs. J Anim Sci. 2012 Oct 16.
- Wolf AM, Asoh S, Hiranuma H, et al. Astaxanthin protects mitochondrial redox state and functional integrity against oxidative stress. J Nutr Biochem. 2010 May;21(5):381-9.
- Riccioni G, Speranza L, Pesce M, Cusenza S, D’Orazio N, Glade MJ. Novel phytonutrient contributors to antioxidant protection against cardiovascular disease. Nutrition. 2012 Jun;28(6):605-10.
- Sun Z, Liu J, Zeng X, et al. Protective actions of microalgae against endogenous and exogenous advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in human retinal pigment epithelial cells. Food Funct. 2011 May;2(5):251-8.
- Kidd P. Astaxanthin, cell membrane nutrient with diverse clinical benefits and anti-aging potential. Altern Med Rev. 2011 Dec;16(4):355-64.
- Anunciato TP, da Rocha Filho PA. Carotenoids and polyphenols in nutricosmetics, nutraceuticals, and cosmeceuticals. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2012 Mar;11(1):51-4.
- Martinez A, Rodriguez-Girones MA, Barbosa A, Costas M. Donator acceptor map for carotenoids, melatonin and vitamins. J Phys Chem A. 2008 Sep 25;112(38):9037-42.