ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|

Trending News

CDC Whistleblower Reveals Widespread Manipulation of Scientific Data and Top-Down Pressure on CDC Sc...

How Glutathione Can Save Your Life

Scientists discover how to 'switch off' autoimmune diseases

Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound

Gut Bacteria, Artificial Sweeteners and Glucose Intolerance

Brain inflammation dramatically disrupts memory retrieval networks, UCI study finds

Long-term use of pills for anxiety and sleep problems may be linked to Alzheimer's

Surprising discovery: HIV hides in gut, evading eradication

Clinical trial demonstrates safety, effectiveness of immunotherapy for AdV, BKV, and herpesviruses i...

Electric Current to Brain Boosts Memory

 
Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: Treatment of Fibromyalgia with Antidepressants: A Meta-Analysis

  [ 46 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By P.G. O'Malley, E. Balden, G. Tomkins, J. Santoro, K. Kroenke, J.L. Jackson • www.ProHealth.com • November 7, 2001



Competing interests: None declared

Funding: MacArthur Foundation Initiative on Depression in Primary Care. This digest and commentary appeared in Evidence-Based Medicine, 2001; 6:77

DATA SOURCES
Studies in any language were identified by searching MEDLINE (1966 to June 1999), PsycLIT (1974-1998), and EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1974-1998) with the terms fibromyalgia, fibrositis, and fibromyositis combined with various terms for antidepressive agents (including specific drug names); the Cochrane Library Clinical Trials Registry and Database of Systematic Reviews; Federal Research in Progress to identify unpublished trials; and bibliographies of reviewed articles.

STUDY SELECTION
Studies were selected if they were randomized, placebo-controlled trials with at least 1 group receiving an antidepressant drug and if they reported measurable outcomes.

DATA EXTRACTION
Data were extracted on setting; country; dose, duration, and follow-up of treatment; number of participants and demographics; assessment of comorbid disease; follow-up losses (i.e., unavailable for follow-up); adverse effects; and outcomes. Methodologic quality of individual trials was assessed using the Jadad scale.

MAIN RESULTS
We included 13 trials (mean sample size, 54; mean duration, 8.1 weeks) in the analysis. Mean quality score for the Jadad scale was 5.6 of a maximum of 8. Nine studies did not give the method of randomization, 7 had no intention-to-treat analysis, 3 inadequately assured blinding effectiveness, 5 did not assess adverse effects, and 6 had lower than 20% loss to follow-up. Trials assessed the efficacy of 3 classes of antidepressant drugs: tricyclic antidepressants (8 trials of amitriptyline hydrochloride, 1 of clomipramine hydrochloride, and 1 of maprotiline hydrochloride), S-adenosyl-1-methionine (2 trials), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (2 of fluoxetine hydrochloride and 1 of citalopram hydrobromide).

Meta-analysis was done using a random-effects model. Meta-analysis of dichotomous outcome data (10 trials) showed that patients who received antidepressants had more symptom improvement than those who received placebo (odds ratio, 4.2 [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.6-6.8]; number needed to treat, 4 [95% CI, 2.9-6.3]). Meta-analysis of continuous outcome data showed that antidepressant drugs were associated with improvements in fatigue scores (8 trials, 0.39 SD unit improvement [95% CI, 0.11-0.66]), sleep scores (8 trials, 0.49 SD unit improvement [95% CI, 0.3-0.69]), pain scores (10 trials, 0.52 SD unit improvement [95% CI, 0.21-0.81]), and overall well-being (7 trials, 0.49 SD unit improvement [95% CI, 0.18-0.80]) but not in the number of trigger points.

CONCLUSION
Antidepressant drugs improve overall symptoms and individual symptoms of fatigue, sleep, and pain in patients with fibromyalgia.











Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 



[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Free Shipping on Nutritional Supplement Orders

Featured Products

Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
FibroSleep™ by ProHealth FibroSleep™ by ProHealth
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance
Broad Spectrum Protection Against Brain Aging Broad Spectrum Protection Against Brain Aging
Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints
Protecting Our Eyes Against Time-Induced Damage Protecting Our Eyes Against Time-Induced Damage
Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia 101
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS 101
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE
CONTACT US
PRIVACY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing