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Abstract: Patterns of cardiovascular reactivity in disease diagnosis

  [ 7 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ] • February 24, 2004

QJM. 2004 Mar;97(3):141-51. Naschitz JE, Rosner I, Rozenbaum M, Fields M, Isseroff H, Babich JP, Zuckerman E, Elias N, Yeshurun D, Naschitz S, Sabo E. Departments of Internal Medicine A and Rheumatology, Bnai Zion Medical Center and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel. BACKGROUND: Aberrations of cardiovascular reactivity (CVR), an expression of autonomic function, occur in a number of clinical conditions, but lack specificity for a particular disorder. Recently, a CVR pattern particular to chronic fatigue syndrome was observed. Aim: To assess whether specific CVR patterns can be described for other clinical conditions. METHODS: Six groups of patients, matched for age and gender, were evaluated with a shortened head-up tilt test: patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) (n = 20), non-CFS fatigue (F) (n = 15), neurally-mediated syncope (SY) (n = 21), familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) (n = 17), psoriatic arthritis (PSOR) (n = 19) and healthy subjects (H) (n = 20). A 10-min supine phase was followed by recording 600 cardiac cycles on tilt (5-10 min). Beat-to-beat heart rate (HR) and pulse transit time (PTT) were measured. Results were analysed using conventional statistics, recurrence plot analysis and fractal analysis. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis evaluated independent predictors of the CVR in each patient group vs. all other groups. Based on these predictors, equations were determined for a linear discriminant score (DS) for each group. The best sensitivities and specificities of the DS, consistent with disease-related phenotypes of CVR, were noted in the following groups: CFS, 90.0% and 60%; SY, 93.3% and 62.5%; FMF, 90.1% and 75.4%, respectively. DISCUSSION: Pathological disturbances may alter cardiovascular reactivity. Our data support the existence of disease-related CVR phenotypes, with implications for pathogenesis and differential diagnosis. PMID: 14976271 [PubMed - in process]

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