ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

SURVEY: Cognitive Impairment II

Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More

Vital Molecule Increases Cellular Energy and Improves Cognitive Function

Top Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies — Are You at Risk?

How Pomegranate May Protect Against Cancer

Omega Fix for Obesity: How the Right Fats Fight Fat

Trimming the spare tire: Canola oil may cut belly fat

The Onion: Cancer Fighter and Food Preserver

Fighting Heartburn and Gerd Naturally – And Safely!

Probiotics improve cognition in Alzheimer's patients

 
Print Page
Email Article

Recognition of Bacteria in the Cytosol by the Immune System

  [ 45 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • May 3, 2004


In a finding that broadens our understanding of how the immune system can detect infection, researchers have identified a previously unappreciated way in which bacteria can be recognized inside our cells. Many bacteria cause disease by invading cells and creating a safe niche in which to replicate. Cells respond to the infection by activating the immune system, and a chief challenge for bacteria is to avoid immune detection. Prior research had shown that bacteria inside the cytosol (the cell's expansive gel-like compartment) could be detected, but how bacteria within the cytosol are recognized has not been clear. In the new work, Dr. John Brumell and colleagues at The Hospital for Sick Children studied the fate of Salmonella bacteria within the cytosol. These bacteria normally occupy vacuoles in host cells, but under some conditions they leave the vacuole and enter the cytosol. In this foreign environment, the bacteria were recognized by the ubiquitin system, a protein machine that applies molecular tags to cellular proteins to target them for destruction by the proteasome, essentially a molecular shredding device inside mammalian cells. These findings suggest that bacterial proteins are being destroyed by the proteasome within the cytosol during infection, and that this may play a key role in activation of the immune system. A surprising result came when Salmonella was compared with Listeria, a bacterium which normally occupies the cytosol. Listeria avoided recognition by the ubiquitin system by moving within this compartment. This suggests that Listeria and other bacteria that can colonize the cytosol do so in a manner that prevents activation of the immune system. Andrew J. Perrin, Xiuju Jiang, Cheryl L. Birmingham, Nancy S.Y. So, and John H. Brumell: "Recognition of Bacteria in the Cytosol of Mammalian Cells by the Ubiquitin System" Publishing in Current Biology, Volume 14, Number 9, May 4, 2004. Source: EurekAlert.org (this is a press release).



Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Vitamin D3 Extreme™


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

Relief for Dry, Itchy Skin Caused by Fibromyalgia Relief for Dry, Itchy Skin Caused by Fibromyalgia
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sleep But Were Too Tired to Ask Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sleep But Were Too Tired to Ask
Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound
Strengthen Cell Function with Energy-Boosting Niagen Strengthen Cell Function with Energy-Boosting Niagen
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map