This study examined relationships among symptom pattern variability, uncertainty, spiritual well-being, and psychosocial adaptation in individuals with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). A survey design was used with 58 individuals with FMS. The Fibromyalgia Symptom Pattern Questionnaire, Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale - Community Form, Spiritual Well-Being Scale, and Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale-Self Report were used to collect data.
• Positive relationships were found between symptom pattern variability and uncertainty and between uncertainty and poor psychosocial adaptation;
• Spiritual well-being moderated the relationship between uncertainty and psychosocial adaptation.
• A positive sense of well-being aided adaptation to symptoms and uncertainties of FMS.
Spiritual well-being had a greater effect on the relationship between symptom pattern variability and uncertainty than expected.
Source: Research & Theory for Nursing Practice, 2009;23(1):8-22. PMID: 19418885, by Anema C, Johnson M, Zeller JM, Fogg L, Zetterlund J. Purdue University Calumet, South Holland, Illinois, USA. [E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org]