[Note: The full text of this article is available free at PubMed Central.
Lineages of Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacterium that causes Lyme disease, can be characterized by distinct alleles at the outer surface protein C (ospC) locus.
The lineages marked by ospC genotypes have been shown to be differentially invasive in different species of mammals, including humans; genotypes A, B, I, and K effectively disseminate to human blood and cerebrospinal fluid.
In this report, we extend the sample of genotypes isolated from human blood to include genotypes N, H, C, M, and D, and rank each by their probability of disseminating from ticks to the blood of humans.
Our results demonstrate that only some genotypes of B. burgdorferi present in ticks have a high propensity to disseminate in humans.
Source: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, May 2008. 78(5):806-10. PMID: 18458317, by Dykhuizen DE, Brisson D, Sandigursky S, Wormser GP, Nowakowski J, Nadelman RB, Schwartz I. Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York; Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; Department of Medicine, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York, USA. [E-mail: email@example.com]