ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

On-and-off fasting helps fight obesity, study finds

16 Tips from 16 Years Sick

Fibromyalgia Fare Fit for All Seasons

New Study Shows Artificial Sweeteners Lead to Diabetes

Essential Oils — An Effective and Healthy Option to Treat Headaches

Higher vitamin D levels associated with less severe disease in NAFLD patients

Can Pomegranates Slow Aging?

Krill Oil: Make This Omega-3 Supplement Part of Your Health Regimen

How zinc helps fight esophageal cancer

What Benefits Can You Get From High-Quality Whey Protein?

 
Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: Activin A induces cell proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes in rheumatoid arthritis

  [ 49 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • September 18, 2003


Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Sep;48(9):2442-2449.

Ota F, Maeshima A, Yamashita S, Ikeuchi H, Kaneko Y, Kuroiwa T, Hiromura K, Ueki K, Kojima I, Nojima Y.

Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of activin A and its receptors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissues, and to determine the effect of activin A on cultured fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS).

METHODS: The localization of activin A and activin type II receptor (ARII) in synovial tissues of RA patients was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The expression of activin A and activin receptors in human cultured FLS was examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure activin A in culture supernatants. The cell growth of FLS was determined by (3)H-thymidine incorporation and MTT assay.

RESULTS: Immunohistochemical analysis confirmed the up-regulation of activin A in rheumatoid synovium as compared with osteoarthritis or normal joint tissues. CD68+ macrophage-lineage cells and vimentin-positive FLS were identified as activin-producing cells in rheumatoid synovium. Both cell types also expressed ARII. The expression of activin A and ARII on cultured FLS was confirmed at the protein and messenger RNA levels. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor alpha, and transforming growth factor beta activated FLS to secrete activin A. Recombinant activin A accelerated the proliferation of FLS, while follistatin, an endogenous activin antagonist, partially inhibited FLS proliferation induced by IL-1beta.

CONCLUSION: These results suggest that activin A acts as a growth factor of FLS in RA.

PMID: 13130463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Ultra ATP+, Double Strength


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial
Herbal Rescue for High Blood Sugar Herbal Rescue for High Blood Sugar
Cell-Charging Compound Gives Steady Energy to Fibromyalgia & Chronic Fatigue Patients Cell-Charging Compound Gives Steady Energy to Fibromyalgia & Chronic Fatigue Patients
Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew
Green Coffee Extract: Unique Obesity Intervention Green Coffee Extract: Unique Obesity Intervention

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map