ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Meta-analysis adds evidence to association between omega-3 supplementation and lower heart rate

Friendly User's Guide for the Timing of Nutritional Supplements

The Health Benefits of Manuka Honey

Increase Your Magnesium Intake

Vitamin D supplementation could ease IBS symptoms

Top Tips to Boost Your Immunity

11 Amazing Health Benefits of Using Baking Soda

Nicotinamide riboside shows promise for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease

Exercise, calcium, vitamin D, and other factors linked with fewer injurious falls

Mediterranean diet associated with lower risk of aggressive prostate cancer

 
Print Page
Email Article

Heterogeneity of Borrelia burgdorferi: etiopathogenetic relevance and clinical implications.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Lünemann JD, Krause A • www.ProHealth.com • April 1, 2003


Abstract

Of the ten different species of Borrelia (B.) burgdorferi sensu lato which have been characterized to date, only B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii and B. afzelii have been identified as pathogenic in humans. It was suggested that different species possess different organotropisms and may preferentially cause distinct clinical manifestations of Lyme disease. Molecular analyses revealed a strong association of B. afzelii with the late cutaneous manifestation acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans, whereas B. garinii was predominantly identified in clinical samples from patients with neuroborreliosis. PCR-based analyses of samples from European patients with Lyme arthritis had given controversial results, but B. burgdorferi sensu stricto appears to be the major pathogen. The identity of the infecting species seems to be a major determinant in the pathogenesis of Lyme arthritis, although its complex immunopathological background and its clinical heterogeneity clearly indicate concomitant factors. Thus, characterization of the infecting organism at the species level on the one hand and linkage of clinical data with pathogenetically relevant immune parameters on the other, shall lead to a more precise understanding of the pathogenesis and the individual clinical course of Lyme borrelioses.

Z Rheumatol. 2003 Apr;62(2):148-54. English Abstract; Review





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Energy NADH™ 12.5mg


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get Energized with Malic Acid & Magnesium
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

The Super Antioxidant for Brain, Joint and Heart Health The Super Antioxidant for Brain, Joint and Heart Health
Research Links Green Tea to Weight Loss Research Links Green Tea to Weight Loss
Restoring Gut Health: How to Create a Firewall Against Toxins Entering the Gut Wall Restoring Gut Health: How to Create a Firewall Against Toxins Entering the Gut Wall
"It's Not Easy Being Green" - But It Is Healthy
Carry a Massage Therapist in Your Pocket Carry a Massage Therapist in Your Pocket

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map