ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

The Health Benefits of Manuka Honey

Increase Your Magnesium Intake

Vitamin D supplementation could ease IBS symptoms

Top Tips to Boost Your Immunity

11 Amazing Health Benefits of Using Baking Soda

Nicotinamide riboside shows promise for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease

Exercise, calcium, vitamin D, and other factors linked with fewer injurious falls

Vitamin D3 Is a Powerhouse for Your Heart

Curcumin Supplementation May Impart Long-Term Cognitive Benefits

Rhodiola — A Powerful Adaptogen That Boosts Vitality and Performance, Eases Depression and Combats B...

Print Page
Email Article

New aspects of the pathogenesis of lyme disease.

  [ 1 vote ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Zajkowska JM, Hermanowska-Szpakowicz T • • January 1, 2002


Morphological changes of B. burgdorferi as well as changes in expression of surface proteins caused by environmental determinants are essential in pathogenesis of Lyme disease. Cysts, spherical form (spheroplasts, L-form) and "blebs" (gemmae) can be responsible for long lasting antigenic stimulation, signs of chronic borreliosis, and even probably connected with MS and Alzheimer disease. Mechanisms to avoid elimination and persistence in the host include: expression of low heterogenic Osp A, B replaced by polymorphic in sequence and antigenic reactivity OspC, the hindrance of access to some membrane proteins by other proteins on the spirochete's surface, effects of tick saliva proteins action. Hiding of spirochetes is possible by invagination into fibrocytes membrane as well as, coating by antigens derived from lymphocytes B. Distribution of spirochetes is facilitated by binding to platelets through integrin aIIb b3, and to the endothelial cells through integrins av b3 i a5b1, recognition of decorin by lipoproteins DbpA i DbpB, receptor for NAG (N-acetyl glucosamina). Endothelial cells, toxic products of granulocytes, monocytes, macrophages as well as phagocytosis counterpart in pathogenesis. Induced cytokines are connected with activation subsets of T lymphocytes involved in inflammatory response. Cytokines produced by Th1 as cytotoxic CD8 accompany the disease. Important are also dendritic cells regarded as initiators of Th1 response with participation of IL-12. In pathogenesis of Lyme disease participation of autoimmunity is notified, especially molecular similarities between OspA and human lymphocytic antigen (hLFA-1). Neurotoxin, produced by B. burgdorferi Bbtox1 was identified. Encephalopathy signs in Lyme borreliosis could be result of releasing toxico-metabolic products, ability of spirochetes to pass the blood-brain barrier as well as, effect of lymphocytes migration. Active invasion of brain endothelium as ability to adherence to endothelial wall could be the source of focused or disseminated inflammation of brain vessels. Antiaxonal antibodies could disturb axon conduction without damaging. But damage of white matter could be connected with damage of mielin production cells, probably by antibodies, induced in cross reaction.

Przegl Epidemiol. 2002;56 Suppl 1:57-67. English Abstract; Review

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get Energized with Malic Acid & Magnesium

Natural Remedies

Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew
The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function
Why Berries Offer a Rainbow of Health Benefits Why Berries Offer a Rainbow of Health Benefits
Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound
Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep? Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep?

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map