ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

15 Health Benefits of Chia Seeds, According to Science

Magnesium Deficiency Raises Your Risk of Many Chronic Ailments

Tangerine Oil: A Citrusy Essential Oil With Well-Rounded Uses

CoQ10's Potential Capabilities for Your Health

Testosterone replacement therapy associated with improved urinary, sexual function

How Can Melatonin Benefit You?

Cloves: Boost Your Immune System the Sweet and Spicy Way

The Many Potential Health Benefits of Curcumin

Cinnamon Health Benefits Proven

8 Chia Seed Recipes

 
Print Page
Email Article

Neuronal cell death in neurodegenerative disorders and oxidative stress

  [ 7 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Shimohama S, Sawada H, Kihara T, Urushitani M • www.ProHealth.com • January 1, 1999


Mechanisms of the process of neuronal degeneration in neurodegenerative disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's disease (PD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) remain unsolved. Oxidative stress might be a possible mechanism of neuronal cell death.

Glutamate is an excitatory amino acid and its excessive release can cause intracellular calcium influx, activation of calcium-dependent enzymes such as nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS), and production of toxic oxygen radicals. Excessive release of glutamate, therefore, can be used as a model of experimental oxidative stress.

Continuous exposure to low levels of glutamate potentiates selective motor neuronal death mediated by NO, which inversely protects nonmotor neurons through the guanylyl cyclase-cGMP cascade. Mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons are resistant to cytotoxicity induced by NO. The protecting mechanism from NO neurotoxicity in dopaminergic neurons is based on inhibition of conversion of NO to peroxynitrite anion, and is possibly due to suppression of superoxide anion production.

Dopamine D 2 agonists provide protection mediated not only by the inhibition of dopamine turnover but also via D 2-type dopamine receptor stimulation and the subsequent synthesis of proteins that scavenge free radicals. In addition, nicotinic receptor stimulation may be able to protect neurons from oxidative stress induced by A beta.

Source: Rinsho Shinkeigaku 1999 Jan;39(1):4-6
PMID: 10377784, UI: 99305547

(Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University.)



Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Optimized Curcumin Longvida®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More
Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sleep But Were Too Tired to Ask Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sleep But Were Too Tired to Ask
Itching to Find Dry Skin Relief? Itching to Find Dry Skin Relief?
Fighting Fatigue with Ground-breaking French Oak Wood Extract Fighting Fatigue with Ground-breaking French Oak Wood Extract

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map