ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

SURVEY: Cognitive Impairment II

Top 3 Nutrients to Detox the Liver and Soothe Digestion

Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More

Study bodes well for low-carb eaters

Top Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies — Are You at Risk?

Omega Fix for Obesity: How the Right Fats Fight Fat

Potential of Quercetin in the Treatment of Melanoma

How Pomegranate May Protect Against Cancer

Vital Molecule Increases Cellular Energy and Improves Cognitive Function

Trimming the spare tire: Canola oil may cut belly fat

 
Print Page
Email Article

Neuronal cell death in neurodegenerative disorders and oxidative stress

  [ 7 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Shimohama S, Sawada H, Kihara T, Urushitani M • www.ProHealth.com • January 1, 1999


Mechanisms of the process of neuronal degeneration in neurodegenerative disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's disease (PD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) remain unsolved. Oxidative stress might be a possible mechanism of neuronal cell death.

Glutamate is an excitatory amino acid and its excessive release can cause intracellular calcium influx, activation of calcium-dependent enzymes such as nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS), and production of toxic oxygen radicals. Excessive release of glutamate, therefore, can be used as a model of experimental oxidative stress.

Continuous exposure to low levels of glutamate potentiates selective motor neuronal death mediated by NO, which inversely protects nonmotor neurons through the guanylyl cyclase-cGMP cascade. Mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons are resistant to cytotoxicity induced by NO. The protecting mechanism from NO neurotoxicity in dopaminergic neurons is based on inhibition of conversion of NO to peroxynitrite anion, and is possibly due to suppression of superoxide anion production.

Dopamine D 2 agonists provide protection mediated not only by the inhibition of dopamine turnover but also via D 2-type dopamine receptor stimulation and the subsequent synthesis of proteins that scavenge free radicals. In addition, nicotinic receptor stimulation may be able to protect neurons from oxidative stress induced by A beta.

Source: Rinsho Shinkeigaku 1999 Jan;39(1):4-6
PMID: 10377784, UI: 99305547

(Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University.)



Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function
Could a B-12 Deficiency Be Causing Your Symptoms? Could a B-12 Deficiency Be Causing Your Symptoms?
Stop Bacteria With Nature's Antibiotics Stop Bacteria With Nature's Antibiotics
Astaxanthin - A Little-Known but Power-Packed Nutrient Astaxanthin - A Little-Known but Power-Packed Nutrient
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map