ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Ultrasound Therapy for Fibromyalgia and Lyme Disease

Curcumin: The All In One Solution, Part 2

What Are the Benefits of Vitamin K2?

Vitamin D deficiency + high fat diet = metabolic syndrome

Why You Should Take Your Apple Cider Vinegar at Night

Use Burdock Oil to Promote Healthy Hair Growth

AMA journal associates iron deficiency with hearing loss

Meet Your Weight Loss Goals

People with forms of early-onset Parkinson's disease may benefit from boosting niacin in diet, resea...

Lutein linked to preservation of crystallized intelligence

 
Print Page
Email Article

The use of nonopioid drugs in management of chronic orofacial pain

  [ 28 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Zuniga JR • www.ProHealth.com • September 10, 1998


Although controversial, opioid analgesics have been prescribed
for patients with chronic facial pain. Based primarily on
survey data and a few well-controlled clinical trials,
long-term opioid treatment provides adequate pain reduction in
41% to 100% of patients with chronic nonmalignant pain.
However, only 25% of chronic facial pain patients reported
adequate pain relief with chronic opioid treatment. Work,
home, and school function are generally reestablished or
maintained during chronic opioid treatment, but 25% to 38% of
patients remain dysfunctional, and one study indicated that
20% of patients became dysfunctional during treatment. Chronic
opioid treatment is associated with many transient side
effects; constipation, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, itching,
and fatigue have been reported in 5% to 42% of patients taking
opioids over 1 year. Although survey studies suggest that the
risks of addiction are low in typical patients, drug abuse
rates up to 17.3% and prescription abuse rates up to 27.6%
were reported within groups of chronic opioid users. Chronic
opioid use induces analgesic tolerance and physical
dependence, which may result in a serious abstinence syndrome
in users and children born to users. Chronic opioid use also
may induce harmful immune system changes, diminish cognitive
and motor function, and produce nociceptive hyperexcitability.
This article shows that the use of long-term opioids for
chronic facial pain is not justified based on the available
data. Despite these perceived problems, there is anecdotal
evidence that chronic facial pain patients will respond
positively to opioid analgesics. In our experience, the pain
assessment scale and a modification of the World Health
Organization's three-step analgesic ladder, which prescribes
nonopioid analgesics, can be the starting point for the
successful management of chronic facial pain.




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

Enhance Eyelashes Naturally Enhance Eyelashes Naturally
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
Red Yeast Rice - Natural Option for Supporting Healthy Cholesterol Red Yeast Rice - Natural Option for Supporting Healthy Cholesterol
Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45% Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%
Breaking Through the Mental Fog Breaking Through the Mental Fog

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map