ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Tea drinkers have lower glaucoma risk

Why Is Chlorella Considered a Superfood?

Soy, cruciferous vegetables could help lower breast cancer treatment side effects

The Long-Term Benefits of Drinking Oolong Tea

Wonderful White Tea: A Drink Fit for an Emperor

Why You Should Try This Sweet-Smelling and Health-Boosting Essential Oil

Arnica: This Powerful Herb Promotes Various Kinds of Healing

Chamomile Tea: Why This Ancient Therapeutic Drink Still Stands Out Today

Get ‘Hooked’ on Cat’s Claw: The Many Benefits of This Amazonian Herb

Try Apple Cider Vinegar and Black Cumin Oil as Your Go-To Salad Dressing

 
Print Page
Email Article

The use of nonopioid drugs in management of chronic orofacial pain

  [ 28 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Zuniga JR • www.ProHealth.com • September 10, 1998


Although controversial, opioid analgesics have been prescribed
for patients with chronic facial pain. Based primarily on
survey data and a few well-controlled clinical trials,
long-term opioid treatment provides adequate pain reduction in
41% to 100% of patients with chronic nonmalignant pain.
However, only 25% of chronic facial pain patients reported
adequate pain relief with chronic opioid treatment. Work,
home, and school function are generally reestablished or
maintained during chronic opioid treatment, but 25% to 38% of
patients remain dysfunctional, and one study indicated that
20% of patients became dysfunctional during treatment. Chronic
opioid treatment is associated with many transient side
effects; constipation, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, itching,
and fatigue have been reported in 5% to 42% of patients taking
opioids over 1 year. Although survey studies suggest that the
risks of addiction are low in typical patients, drug abuse
rates up to 17.3% and prescription abuse rates up to 27.6%
were reported within groups of chronic opioid users. Chronic
opioid use induces analgesic tolerance and physical
dependence, which may result in a serious abstinence syndrome
in users and children born to users. Chronic opioid use also
may induce harmful immune system changes, diminish cognitive
and motor function, and produce nociceptive hyperexcitability.
This article shows that the use of long-term opioids for
chronic facial pain is not justified based on the available
data. Despite these perceived problems, there is anecdotal
evidence that chronic facial pain patients will respond
positively to opioid analgesics. In our experience, the pain
assessment scale and a modification of the World Health
Organization's three-step analgesic ladder, which prescribes
nonopioid analgesics, can be the starting point for the
successful management of chronic facial pain.




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get Energized with Malic Acid & Magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Relief for Dry, Itchy Skin Caused by Fibromyalgia Relief for Dry, Itchy Skin Caused by Fibromyalgia
Fighting Fatigue with Ground-breaking French Oak Wood Extract Fighting Fatigue with Ground-breaking French Oak Wood Extract
The Guaifenesin Story: A centuries-old bark extract used for clearing the airways – now key to a popular FM symptom-reversal protocol The Guaifenesin Story: A centuries-old bark extract used for clearing the airways – now key to a popular FM symptom-reversal protocol
Soothe, Heal and Regulate Your Digestive System with Nutrient-Rich Aloe Vera Soothe, Heal and Regulate Your Digestive System with Nutrient-Rich Aloe Vera
Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45% Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map