ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Is Coconut Oil Healthy? (The American Heart Association Doesn’t Think So)

American Heart Association Renders Itself Obsolete With 1960s Dietary Advice on Coconut Oil

How Fish Oil Benefits Heart Disease Patients with Depression

Ginger Fights Obesity

Broccoli compound could be helpful to diabetes

Health Benefits of Artichokes

Putting the Spotlight on Coriander Seed Oil

Migraines? Powdered Ginger May Help

Are Americans Really Getting Too Much Vitamin D? A Critical Look at Recent Media Warnings

Eating more vegetable protein may protect against early menopause

 
Print Page
Email Article

The use of nonopioid drugs in management of chronic orofacial pain

  [ 28 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Zuniga JR • www.ProHealth.com • September 10, 1998


Although controversial, opioid analgesics have been prescribed
for patients with chronic facial pain. Based primarily on
survey data and a few well-controlled clinical trials,
long-term opioid treatment provides adequate pain reduction in
41% to 100% of patients with chronic nonmalignant pain.
However, only 25% of chronic facial pain patients reported
adequate pain relief with chronic opioid treatment. Work,
home, and school function are generally reestablished or
maintained during chronic opioid treatment, but 25% to 38% of
patients remain dysfunctional, and one study indicated that
20% of patients became dysfunctional during treatment. Chronic
opioid treatment is associated with many transient side
effects; constipation, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, itching,
and fatigue have been reported in 5% to 42% of patients taking
opioids over 1 year. Although survey studies suggest that the
risks of addiction are low in typical patients, drug abuse
rates up to 17.3% and prescription abuse rates up to 27.6%
were reported within groups of chronic opioid users. Chronic
opioid use induces analgesic tolerance and physical
dependence, which may result in a serious abstinence syndrome
in users and children born to users. Chronic opioid use also
may induce harmful immune system changes, diminish cognitive
and motor function, and produce nociceptive hyperexcitability.
This article shows that the use of long-term opioids for
chronic facial pain is not justified based on the available
data. Despite these perceived problems, there is anecdotal
evidence that chronic facial pain patients will respond
positively to opioid analgesics. In our experience, the pain
assessment scale and a modification of the World Health
Organization's three-step analgesic ladder, which prescribes
nonopioid analgesics, can be the starting point for the
successful management of chronic facial pain.




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Vitamin D3 Extreme™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

Research Links Green Tea to Weight Loss Research Links Green Tea to Weight Loss
Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea
The Genetic Mutation That May Compromise Your Health - And What to Do About It The Genetic Mutation That May Compromise Your Health - And What to Do About It
When a Good Night's Sleep Is Just a Daydream... When a Good Night's Sleep Is Just a Daydream...
SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map