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Pain intensity & health locus of control: a comparison of patients with fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome & RA

  [ 56 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • November 6, 1996


The major purpose of this study was to determine if 31 patients with
fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) reported different pain intensity
and Health Locus of Control (HLC) scores than 30 patients with
rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Another purpose was to determine
the relationship among experienced actual pain (present,
usual, worse, least), recalled prior episodes of pain (worse
toothache, headache, and stomach ache), HLC orientation, age
and the duration of the actual pain. Visual Analogue Scales
were used to measure pain intensity. The Health Locus of
Control Scale was used to determine external/internal
orientation. The results showed that the FS patients reported
significantly more intense actual pain, recalled pain for
worse toothache and headache, and were more externally
oriented than the RA patients. Present pain intensity was
significantly correlated to actual intensity ratings, but not
to reported earlier experienced pain, except for worse
stomach ache in the RA group. The findings' implications for
treatment and education are discussed.

Gustafsson M, Gaston-Johansson F




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