ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

10 Fibro-Friendly Foods with a Bonus: Beautiful Skin

Fight Back! Win the War Being Waged Against Your Immune System

Studies Show that Magnesium L-threonate Improves Brain Plasticity, Leading to Direct and Significant...

Clary Sage Oil May Be Pricey, but Its Benefits Are Priceless

Component of red wine, grapes can help to reduce inflammation, study finds

Poly MVA: A Novel Therapy for Increasing Energy, Repairing DNA, and Promoting Overall Health

Pumpkin Pie Turmeric Breakfast Smoothie - Vegan + Gluten-Free

Vitamin D supplementation extends life in mouse model of Huntington's disease

Omega-3 fatty acid stops known trigger of lupus

Conquer Your Email Inbox, Increase Productivity and Reduce Stress

Print Page
Email Article

Pain intensity & health locus of control: a comparison of patients with fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome & RA

  [ 56 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ] • November 6, 1996

The major purpose of this study was to determine if 31 patients with
fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) reported different pain intensity
and Health Locus of Control (HLC) scores than 30 patients with
rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Another purpose was to determine
the relationship among experienced actual pain (present,
usual, worse, least), recalled prior episodes of pain (worse
toothache, headache, and stomach ache), HLC orientation, age
and the duration of the actual pain. Visual Analogue Scales
were used to measure pain intensity. The Health Locus of
Control Scale was used to determine external/internal
orientation. The results showed that the FS patients reported
significantly more intense actual pain, recalled pain for
worse toothache and headache, and were more externally
oriented than the RA patients. Present pain intensity was
significantly correlated to actual intensity ratings, but not
to reported earlier experienced pain, except for worse
stomach ache in the RA group. The findings' implications for
treatment and education are discussed.

Gustafsson M, Gaston-Johansson F

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

Cell-Charging Compound Gives Steady Energy to Fibromyalgia & Chronic Fatigue Patients Cell-Charging Compound Gives Steady Energy to Fibromyalgia & Chronic Fatigue Patients
Thyroid Health and Fibromyalgia Thyroid Health and Fibromyalgia
The Surprising Benefits of Probiotics - What You Didn't Know The Surprising Benefits of Probiotics - What You Didn't Know
Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Tart Cherry Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Tart Cherry
The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map