ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Prevent Or Reverse Diabetes: An Amazing Herbal Intervention

Exercise and Vitamin D Better Together for Heart Health

VIDEO: Essential Oils for Weight Loss

Can Ginkgo Give Your Brain a Boost?

Can Valerian Root Help You Sleep Better?

Fighting Statin-Induced Diabetes with CoQ10

Eight servings of veggies a day is clearly best for the heart

The Many Wonders of Calming Sandalwood Oil

Curcumin — A Novel Treatment Alternative for Depression

How Glycation Accelerates Aging

 
Print Page
Email Article

Vaccination history and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: A population-based, case-control study - Source: Cancer Causes & Control, Jul 2009

  [ 36 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Heather A Lankes, Brian CH Chiu, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • June 26, 2009


[Note: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, sometimes called just lymphoma, is a large group of cancers that start in cells of the lymph system, which is part of the body’s immune system. They represent 90% of all lymphomas.]

Objective: As factors that alter the immune system have been implicated in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) etiology, it is of interest to explore the association between vaccination and risk of NHL.

Results of few epidemiologic studies conducted thus far are inconsistent, and only one has examined the association by histologic subtype.

Subjects: A population-based, case-control study of 387 patients with NHL and 535 controls conducted in Nebraska between 1999 and 2002.

Methods: Information on vaccination for tetanus, polio, influenza, smallpox, and tuberculosis, as well as important environmental factors, was collected by telephone interview. Risk was estimated by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusting for confounders.

Results: We found that NHL risk was inversely associated with ever receiving a polio (OR = 0.59, CI = 0.40-0.87) or smallpox (OR = 0.71, CI = 0.51-0.98) vaccination and positively associated with influenza vaccination (OR = 1.53, CI = 1.14-2.06). [Note: an OR of 1.0 would represent no difference in risk. The OR of 0.59 for those who received a polio shot would indicate a 41% lower risk of developing lymphoma; and the OR of 1.53 for those who ever received a flu shot would indicate a 53% greater risk of lymphoma.]

No significant association was found for tetanus or tuberculosis vaccination. The patterns of association were similar between men and women. Analysis by histologic subtypes showed that polio vaccination was associated with a lower risk of follicular (OR = 0.54, CI = 0.31-0.92) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphomas (OR = 0.29, CI = 0.12-0.69) and smallpox vaccination was associated with a lower risk of marginal zone lymphoma (OR = 0.41, CI = 0.19-0.88).

In contrast, ever receiving an influenza vaccination was associated with a higher risk of follicular (OR = 1.98, CI = 1.23-3.18) and diffuse large B cell lymphomas (OR = 1.88, CI = 1.13-3.12). [The OR of 1.98 would indicate a 98% greater risk, and the OR of 1.88 an 88% greater risk.]

Conclusion: Risk of NHL is inversely associated with polio and smallpox vaccination and positively associated with influenza vaccination. These associations appear to differ by histologic subtype.

Source: Cancer Causes & Control, Jul 2009;20(5):517-523. PMID: 19011978, by Lankes HA, Fought AJ, Evens AM, Weisenburger DD, Chiu BC. Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA. [E-mail: bchiu@northwestern.edu]





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Optimized Curcumin Longvida® FibroSleep™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

Coenzyme Q10 - The Energy Maker Coenzyme Q10 - The Energy Maker
Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More
Stop Bacteria With Nature's Antibiotics Stop Bacteria With Nature's Antibiotics
Dreaming of a Good Night's Sleep? Dreaming of a Good Night's Sleep?
Aching Muscles? Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life Aching Muscles? Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map