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Abstract: The effects of a 12-week strength-training program on strength and functionality in women with fibromyalgia

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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Sep;86(9):1713-21.

Kingsley JD, Panton LB, Toole T, Sirithienthad P, Mathis R, McMillan V.

Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.

Kingsley JD, Panton LB, Toole T, Sirithienthad P, Mathis R, McMillan V. The effects of a 12-week strength-training program on strength and functionality in women with fibromyalgia.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether women with fibromyalgia benefit from strength training.

DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial.

SETTING: Testing was completed at the university and training was completed at a local community wellness facility.

PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine women (age range, 18-54y) with fibromyalgia participated. Subjects were randomly assigned to a control (n=14; wait-listed for exercise) or strength (n=15) group. After the first 4 weeks, 7 (47%) women dropped from the strength group.

INTERVENTION: Subjects underwent 12 weeks of training on 11 exercises, 2 times a week, performing 1 set of 8 to 12 repetitions at 40% to 60% of their maximal lifts and were progressed to 60% to 80%.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects were measured for strength, functionality, tender point sensitivity, and fibromyalgia impact.

RESULTS: The strength group significantly (P=.05) improved upper- (strength, 39+/-11 to 42+/-12kg; control, 38+/-13 to 38+/-12kg) and lower- (strength, 68+/-28 to 82+/-25kg; control, 61+/-25 to 61+/-26kg) body strength. Upper-body functionality measured by the Continuous-Scale Physical Functional Performance test improved significantly (strength, 44+/-11 to 50+/-16U; control, 51+/-11 to 49+/-13U) after training. Tender point sensitivity and fibromyalgia impact did not change. CONCLUSIONS: Strength training improved strength and some functionality in women with fibromyalgia. Interventions with resistance have important implications on independence and quality of life issues for women with fibromyalgia. PMID: 16181932 [PubMed - in process]

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