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Canine Lyme borreliosis.

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Abstract

Lyme borreliosis is now the most commonly reported tick-transmitted
disease in humans and is an important
disease in dogs. Case reports of canine
Lyme borreliosis have appeared in the literature during the last 6 years, but a complete description of the
disease still is not available. Until an accurate diagnostic scheme is developed, the
disease will remain incompletely understood. A nonlocalizing polyarthropathy is the most commonly described clinical manifestation of canine
Lyme borreliosis, but other syndromes probably also exist. The difficulty in making a diagnosis is a result of the fact that dogs do not develop a characteristic skin lesion to mark the beginning of their
disease, and many dogs become seropositive but never develop clinical manifestations. Also, Borrelia burgdorferi has been isolated from the blood of healthy dogs, which suggests that detecting a spirochetemia may not have diagnostic significance. Newer diagnostic tests are being evaluated, but at present the diagnosis of canine
Lyme borreliosis should be one of exclusion. After other common illnesses are ruled out, serology and response to antibiotic therapy help suggest a diagnosis. Once the
disease is accurately diagnosed, efficient therapeutic schemes will be developed based on randomized therapeutic trials. In addition, vaccines are being developed. Currently, without the ability to diagnose the
disease accurately, their efficiency can not be demonstrated adequately. Future findings surely will change our understanding of this
disease.

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1991 Jan;21(1):51-64. Review

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