Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a more common a condition than
previously estimated. The most recent estimates are that 3 to
6 million patients have been diagnosed with FMS. The ACR
criteria, established in 1990, provide the primary care
provider with definitive subjective and objective findings
that have shown to be 88% accurate in their ability to
diagnose patients with the syndrome. There is no cure for FMS.
It is a chronic condition, but patients quality of life can be
improved when fatigue and pain are reduced. The institution of
a plan that is developed collaboratively by the patient and
the provider is the essence of successful symptom management.
The hallmarks of the management plan include: improving the
quality of sleep through the judicious use of medications that
boost the body’s level of serotonin (therefore reducing
fatigue), and reducing pain through complimentary modalities
such as exercise, physical therapy, relaxation techniques,
massage, and biofeedback.