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Prevalence of restless legs syndrome at the office in primary health care

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[Note: the article itself is in Spanish]

Journal: Revista de Neurologia. 2007 Jun 1-15;44(11):647-51.

Authors and affiliation: Perez-Romero T, Comas-Fuentes A, Deban-Fernandez M, Gonzalez-Nuevo Quinones JP, Maujo-Fernandez J. Centro de Salud de Otero, Oviedo, Spain.

PMID: 17557220

Introduction: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a usual [common] neurologic disorder, often undiagnosed and treatable, usually associated with sleep disturbance. Our goal was to study prevalence of RLS in our practice.

Patients and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study, in a primary care center. 283 patients 50 years old or older, who came to the office for any reason, were evaluated with a questionnaire about the four essential criteria stated by the International RLS study group in 1995.

Results: Prevalence of RLS was 11.6% (95% CI: 7.9%-15,3%). 73.5% were women and 26.5% men (ratio 3:1). Only 15% reported major repercussion in their quality of life. We estimated that clinically significant RLS is present in 1.9% of our patients. By means of logistic regression only high number of consults at the office, daily sleepiness, and use of hypnotics were associated to RLS.

Conclusions: Prevalence of RLS in patients more than 50 years old is high: 11.6%; but 1.9% of [the 283 patients had] medically significant RLS. Must be suspected especially in women, frequent consults, or with sleep disorders in treatment with hypnotics.

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