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The etiology of uveitis: the role of infections with special reference to Lyme borreliosis.

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To assess the distribution of different uveitis entities and to evaluate their associations with infections, especially
Lyme borreliosis.


During a one-year period 160 consecutive uveitis patients were evaluated in a university clinic. Selected tests were performed depending on the medical history of the patient and the clinical picture of the ocular inflammation.


Uveitis was classified into selected entities for 74.4% of the patients. A direct infection was suggested to be linked with uveitis in 23 patients (14.4%).
Lyme borreliosis, toxoplasmosis, and herpetic infections were the most frequently seen, in seven patients (4.3%) each. All patients with
Lyme uveitis had manifestations of the posterior segment of the eye, such as vitritis, retinal vasculitis, neuroretinitis, chorioretinitis, or optic neuropathy.


Infections are an important cause of uveitis in a university clinic.
Lyme borreliosis is a newly recognised uveitis entity which should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of intermediate or posterior uveitis in areas endemic for
Lyme borreliosis.

Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 1997 Dec;75(6):716-9. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t

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